Research on STEM Education in BULGARIA

  In recent years, Bulgaria has started reform of the education system and the relevant regulatory framework. The reform determines new profile of the teacher as a main participant in the educational process. National educational standards for expected results in natural sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) emphasize the need from the development of key professional competencies. The change in knowledge, skills and the attitudes of the teachers, of their professionals habits and behaviors, along with the newunderstanding teachers’ responsibilities and encouraging students, is a huge challenge.

  Bulgaria has a competitive advantage in the technology sector, combined with fast growing technology industry (especially IT, automotive, electronics andmechatronics), which requires qualified personnel. By targeting students to promising areas will support the industry and help their preservation and growth in the future will improve the professional and life prospects of young people in Bulgaria.